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Title: Bounties and Relief
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Warren county not only sent forth her sons by companies and regiments, but she also cared for her soldiers' families and paid large sums for bounties to induce men to leave home and enter the army. Every township in this county had committees and sub-committees out raising funds and securing every article needed in field and hospital. The women worked as faithfully as the men. In response to a call by Governor Morton, in 1862, in April an aid society was formed at Williamsport, with B. S. Wheeler as president, and S. F. Messner, secretary. Physicians and nurses were appointed to go to the field if needed, to care for the wounded sons of Warren county on the bloody field of Pittsburg Landing. Contributions ran high, some up to $600. Washington township raised $93; Pike, $28; Adams, $51, and others their due proportion. Washington township alone forwarded eighty-eight rolls of bandages, eighty-five pillow sacks, eight boxes of fine linen lint, twelve dozen small bandages, twenty-seven bed sacks, thirteen flannel shirts, twenty-four pairs of drawers, one large box of lint, one large case of undershirts, with an endless amount of canned goods, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, tomatoes, etc. Not less than $1,500 in cash and goods were sent out at this one time. Eloquent sermons, lectures, festivals, and a dozen more things were had in order to raise the necessary funds.

In July, 1862, ten dollars bounty was paid each volunteer. In June, 1863, the county bought $5,000 worth of state bonds that Governor Morton was compelled to issue, to carry on the expenses of the state. Under the call of October, 1863, for 300,000 men, the county offered $40 bounty to each volunteer. In February, 1864, the county raised the bounty to $100 each. The commissioners of this county were obliged to issue $5,150 in bonds to meet the demand for money paid as bounties. For the year ending May, 1864, $10,966 had been paid to war families and $11,970 to volunteers. In December, 1864, women were paid five dollars a month and children two dollars per month. During the last two months of the war the county paid a bounty of $400 to each recruit. For the year ending May 31, 1865, the county bounty paid was $37,476 and the relief, $14,407. Prior to the year 1868 the county had paid out a total bounty of $73,456, and in relief funds, $39,081. During the same period all the townships paid out what was known as the "township bounty" to the amount of $48,530, and relief funds amounting to $7,371. Thus Warren county paid out, in bounty and relief, the grand total of $168,439.08. Ponder on these figures. Think of the two thousand men, the best flower of the county's manhood, being in the field and their families at home, the wife being known as a "war widow" and the child as a "soldier's child." Then it will dawn upon one what was the sacrifice made by those who remained at home and tilled the soil and cared for the sick and aged. Yet outside of all these duties, the county found means to pay the large sum above named.

[Page 260-261.]

Date: 1/1/1913
Origin: Past and Present of Fountain and Warren Counties Indiana
Author: Thomas A. Clifton, Editor
Record ID: 00001300
Type: Book
Source Archive: Williamsport-Washington Township Public Library
Date Entered: 8/10/2001
Collection: Williamsport-Washington Township Public Library
Entered By: Leslie J. Rice

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